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*** Debt rising - and virtue?
*** The Fools' gold
*** Was the John Birch Society a commie front?
*** The fault lies in ourselves...not in our May 
consumer debt rose at nearly 10% annualized, or more than $11 
billion. But who needs savings? Maybe the instinct to save is 
outdated. Maybe it betrays those who yield to it.

*** "Virtue," said economist Mancur Olson, "is what used to 
pay." For thousands of years, it used to pay to save enough 
grain for winter...or the 7 lean years of Biblical history. 
Otherwise, you might starve.

*** But that was then, this is now. With modern 
communications, modern government, modern this and that, 
what's the point? Savings are an inventory of cash. And 
inventories are expensive. 'Just in time,' the stream-lined, 
inventory-less production system of modern business, has 
reached American household finance. 

*** Here's an interesting item, from the Motley Fools:

A dollar invested in gold in 1802 and left there 
for 195 years would have grown to $11.17.

A dollar invested in stocks in 1802 and left there
for 195 years would have grown to $7.5 million.

Tell me again how gold is the best long-term store 
of value?

*** Ah, but the smarty-pants Fools miss the point. Gold is 
the ultimate store of value - not an investment. The figures 
above show that the price of gold will have to double in 
order to stay even with inflation in the dollar. That is 
quite likely to happen.

*** But a dollar invested in stocks? What stocks from 1802 
are still in business? People do not invest in "stocks," they 
invest in companies that sell stock. And companies do not go 
up over the very long run, they go out of business. An 
investment in 1802 stocks would now be worth - zero.

*** The price of gold fell $1.60 yesterday. Platinum - which 
I am watching because of Harry Schultz's prediction that it 
will go to $800 this year - fell 70 cents.

*** Amazon, meanwhile, the kind of company you might buy if 
you are investing for the long run, dropped to $33 and 
change. Which do you think will be worth more 200 years from 
now - AMZN or AU (that's gold to those of you unfamiliar with 
the basic elements).

*** 'Harry Potter' Greenspan, able to conjure up whatever 
miracle the economy requires at precisely the right moment, 
is not a DR reader. I have concluded that after careful study 
of the chairman's remarks yesterday to the Fed governors. He 
believes the productivity numbers, which have been, as you 
know, thoroughly discredited, both by James Grant's team and 
by our own Dr. Kurt Richebacher. 

*** Nevertheless, his comments were cited as the source of a 
bit of summer ebullience in the market yesterday. The Dow 
rose 80 points on the hopes that interest rates will receive 
no further upward goosing by the Fed.

*** The Nasdaq, however, fell 29 points. Lower interests mean 
little to these companies. What hurts them is the growing 
feeling that their hour has come and gone.

*** The dollar was up a bit - even though Japan continues to 
talk about ending its policy of giving away money. (see: The 
Austrian Case Against American Monetarism

*** Dividends, as I pointed out yesterday, are providing the 
lowest yields in history. It is worth mentioning that half 
the long-term returns of the stock market have come from 
dividends. (see: If it Sizzles It's Probably Fat

*** "Until mid-March." Writes Dave Dreman in Forbes, "this 
year's new issues shot up an average of 120% on their first 
day of trading. Now 65% of the [year] 2000 crop are trading 
below their offering prices." He notes that the Nasdaq 
recently declined more than in 1987 and in the 1973-74 bear 
market. Dreman believes that overvaluation is a big risk, 
with the Nasdaq 100 carrying "a staggering average weighted 
P/E of 144" and the DJIA and S&P 500 at about twice their 
historical earnings multiples.

*** From a DR reader, on the subject of the John Birch 
Society: "...from a highly-placed Soviet defector, Colonel 
Stanislav Lunev: The John Birch Society was run by the KGB, 
with the purpose being to paint patriots as rightwing kooks, 
and thus discredit anti-Communists." Who knows? Could be 

*** My apologies for not answering correspondence promptly. I 
try to keep up...but time runs out. I almost never have time 
to follow the chats on the website, by the way, so if you 
want a response from me...please send an email. And be 
patient. Thanks.

*** "August 24, 1944, the day they liberated Paris, I met my 
Waterloo," said DR reader and Army Air Force veteran John 
Ketzner. We were having lunch at the Maryland Club where 
Ketzner told me his incredible story. He was flying in 
formation over Germany when a German fighter appeared from 
behind. The tail gunner couldn't stop him and soon the plane 
was out of control. "The next thing I knew& I was floating in 
mid-air. The plane has exploded. I tried to find my parachute 
- but it was missing. I figured I was finished. But then I 
remembered that I must have it on. Sure enough, there it was 
a little over my head. I pulled the cord... The civilians on 
the ground practically killed me...I was rescued by the 
German Army. I got to prison camp and began to tell my story. 
But nobody wanted to hear it. There were 9,000 other guys 
there and everyone of them had a story to tell."

*** I got an interesting letter from an English reader, 
commenting on the American Revolution. It's too long for this 
space...but it is excerpted on the website: 

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" .. Clinton's face turned red with anger and disbelief. 'You 
mean to tell me that the success of the program and my re-
election hinges on the Federal Reserve and a bunch of f****** 
bond traders?'" 

Bob Woodward's inside-the-Clinton
Administration book, 
The Agenda

The discussion of the last few days has been remotely 
focussed on the relationship between politics and well as between custom and hyper-rationalism. 
These four threads are now so tangled that I thought I would 
have to cut the knot and move on to other subjects.

But then, the following item appeared in yesterday's WSJ:

The democratization of financial services could take
some strange new turns. It may well be in financial 
services that the self-organizing enterprise flowers 
in full.

The front page article was about a new mutual fund called The idea is simple. It is a form of 'open 
source' fund management, in which the investors themselves 
can make suggestions...and the fund is managed according to 
their recommendations (the organizing company performs the 
paperwork and actually makes the trades.) The investment 
decisions are made by a computer program that tracks the 
suggestions and allocates investments towards the 
recommendations of the most successful people in the group. 

This is not likely to be a very fruitful way to invest. Mark 
Hulbert has shown that following the 'hot hand' on a short 
term basis doesn't work. But it is sure to be fun for the 
participants, since they will be competing for glory as well 
as profits.

But what caught my eye was the idea of 'self-organizing' 
systems. It brought me back to the subject you were probably 
hoping I would abandon. That is, the New Dialectic.

Knowledge, as you know, costs something. And there are two 
main ways of getting it: either by experience or by logic. 

Either you think it through and figure it out...or you rely 
upon your own experiences and the experience embedded in 
custom and instinct. A young man may have no direct 
experience with marriage. Nor is it logical, strictly 
speaking, for a young man to willingly restrict his freedom 
by connubial contract. But there seems to be an instinct for 
it. Young men search for the perfect woman to come along. 
Then, they get married, stop searching...and often discover, 
years later, that they have married the woman they were 
searching for.

At least, people have been doing it for a very long time, so 
who am I to argue with it? Statistically, married men live 
longer, earn more money and are happier than unmarried men. 
My nephew was probably unaware of these figures - but he 
married anyway and is on his way to becoming a happy 
statistic. Congratulations to them both and the instincts 
that drove them forward to the altar.

The WSJ article explains: 

"Today, self-organization is rapidly becoming a very hot 
idea, the essence of which is that top-down master plans 
aren't the only way to build something big and lasting. 
Unorganized assemblies of people can create everything from 
marketplaces to computer systems almost spontaneously, on the 
fly, from the bottom up.

"The Linux operating system is a good example of what self-
organization is all about. Unlike Windows, where an army of 
Microsoft Corp. programmers churn out proprietary code, Linux 
software is an evolving collaboration of thousands of 
software writers around the world. While there are companies 
that provide Linux-oriented services, such as customer 
support, the brains behind Linux programming exist not within 
the walls of any company but inside the heads of people who 
amount to volunteers."

Markets are examples of self-organizing systems. It is not 
logic, nor even sanity, that sets prices and practices. They 
simply evolve over time. Everyone would like to be able to 
set prices - and occasionally some large players have the 
power to influence them in one direction or another. But, 
ultimately, the market - a natural thing - does what it 
wants. Every investor is merely a volunteer.

Nature itself is self-organizing - at least from our human 
point of view. God may have it figured out. But no man or 
group of men organizes nature. Or understands it. Nature has 
its own mind and its own agenda.

But politics is different. It uses slave labor, not 
volunteers. Each of us is a slave to the system - forced to 
do something we would rather not. This is the difference 
also, between being a slave to ideas and instincts - which 
even Ghandi was - and being thrown in jail, fined, taxed or 
regulated. The force may come directly out of the barrel of a 
gun, as Mao suggested, or it may hide behind the curtain of a 
voting booth. Either way - its Will Must Be Done...or else.

Politics must rely on force - indeed, that is what makes it 
politics - because its aims and projects are almost always 
preposterously futile, stupid and counterproductive. No one 
volunteers to waste their time, energy and lives, so they 
must be drafted.

George Sabine's textbook A History of Political Theory, shows 
that Artistotle puzzled over this distinction too. He writes: 
"It is possible to argue, Aristotle says, that in the making 
of law the collective wisdom of a people is superior to that 
of even the wisest lawgiver.. He illustrates this by the 
assertion (perhaps not quite obvious) that popular taste in 
the arts is reliable in the long run, while experts make 
notorious blunders at the moment. To somewhat the same effect 
is his marked preference for customary as compared with 
written law...he holds it clearly impossible that the 
knowledge of the wisest ruler can be better than the 
customary law."

Frederic Bastiat, too, makes the same distinction - between 
"real law" - that is, the rules of a self-organizing system, 
the laws of nature, the laws of thermodynamics, and customary 
taboos and practices - and the "pretended law" that kings, 
despots, Al Gore and the IRS produce. Real law, he says, give 
us just results. Pretended laws are counterfeit. They are the 
cause of injustice, not the cure for it.

The conceit of democracy is that people think they can vote 
their way to justice. They think they can replace the real 
law of the market with their own wishful thinking about who 
should get what. But ultimately, the bond traders have their 

Your correspondent,

Bill Bonner

P.S. About this time, 56 years ago, while John Ketzner was 
bombing Germany, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had a problem. He 
was torn in several different directions - between logic and 

It was obvious to him and most of the officer corps of the 
German Army that Germany was in big trouble. The Americans 
and allies were unloading troops and supplies in Normandy 
that the Germans couldn't match. While the materiel piled up 
behind the Allies' lines, the Germans were running out of 
fuel, ammunition and men. For every 10 soldiers Rommel lost, 
only one was replaced. 

He had been ordered to hold the Allies back at all cost. Yet, 
he knew that the bigger danger was that the Allies wouldn't 
break through. Then, the Russians, who were unstoppable in 
the East would occupy Germany. It would be far better to have 
the Anglo-Americans as overlords.

He and his fellow officers plotted. They talked. They tried 
to figure out how to get rid of Hitler so the way would be 
cleared for peace talks.

But Rommel was trapped by his instincts, training and the 
customary reluctance of the German military to interfere in 
politics. He dithered. And then, on the 18th of July, he was 
injured in an attack by a British fighter plane. Rommel 
returned to Germany to recover. Two months later he committed 
'assisted suicide.'

P.P.S. John Ketzner visited Germany many years after the war. 
He was employed by the CSX railroad system and went to 
Germany to buy new equipment. 

"Have you ever visited Germany before," he was asked by his 

"Yes," he replied, "I was a guest of the Third Reich for 8 
months in 1944."

Conversation halted.

About The Daily Reckoning:
The Daily Reckoning... "more sense in one e-mail than a month of CNBC."  That's what readers are saying about The Daily Reckoning.

Bill Bonner, recognized internationally as a brilliant writer, entrepreneur
and publisher of The Fleet Street Letter, offers you his daily market
commentary absolutely FREE. For the first time, outsiders are getting a peek into his powerful and profitable investment insights. Bill's practical contrarian advice empowers even average investors to protect their hard-earned wealth and achieve amazing gains.

Bonner writes his email letter from Paris, France, each morning --
describing the wacky, wonderful world of investment, politics and everything remotely related. Irreverent. Sharp. Honest. Thoroughly, unabashedly contrarian. It's also among the fastest growing e-letter on the Internet.  It's a brand new service... but it has a distinguished history..

For nearly 62 year, The Fleet Street Letter, the oldest investment
advisory letter in the English language has consistently delivered
invaluable economic and political foresights to savvy investors. Current readers regularly enjoy impressive investment gains even as the market falters. Here's more from his online readers...

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Last modified: April 02, 2001

Published By Tulips and Bears LLC